Challenger en Inglés

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ARIAS
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Mensajes: 26141
Registrado: Vie May 05, 2006 12:59
Ubicación: Calzada de Valdunciel (Salamanca)

Challenger en Inglés

#1 Mensaje por ARIAS » Mar Sep 29, 2009 17:57

Preflight Inspection

Cockpit
1.Ignition OFF
2.Master Switch ON
3.Fuel Gauges CHECK
4.Master Switch OFF
5.Primary Flight Controls CHECK
6.Flaps CHECK
7.Baggage STOWED
8.Required Papers ON BOARD
9.Parking Brake ON/As Required

Nose Section
1.General Condition CHECK
2.Nose Gear Tire CHECK
3.Nose Wheel Strut Proper Inflation (3”)
4.Windshield CLEAN

Left Wing
1.Chock and Tie Down REMOVED
2.Surface Condition CHECK
3.Wing Tip CHECK
4.Lights CHECK
5.Flaperon and Hinges CHECK/Neutral
6.Landing Gear and Tire CHECK
7.Brake Block and Disk CHECK

Fuselage (left side)
1.General Condition CHECK
2.Fuel Quantity CHECK
3.Fuel Cap CLOSE and SECURE
4.Antennas CHECK
5.Prop and Spinner CHECK
6.Air Filter CHECK
7.Spark Plugs & Electrical wiring CHECK
8.Engine Fuel Lines CHECK
9.Carburetors CHECK Float Chambers
10.Fan Belt CHECK For Tightness
11.Motor Mounts CHECK For Cracked Rubber
12.Fuel Tank Sump CHECK For Water

Right Wing
1.Check as Left Wing

Empennage
1.General Condition CHECK
2.Hinges and Attachments CHECK
3.Rudder & Elevator Rods CHECK

Fuselage (Right Side)
1.General Condition CHECK
2.Exhaust &Springs CHECK/SECURE

Before Starting Engine

1.Cockpit Doors AS REQUIRED
2.Seats ADJUSTED AND LOCKED
3.Seat Belts & Harnesses FASTENED
4.Parking Brake SET

Starting Engine (COLD)

1.Prime 5 PUMPS
2.Throttle Advance 1/2
3.Master Switch ON
4.Choke OFF
5.Area and Propeller “CLEAR”
6.Starter ENGAGE
7.Throttle ADVANCE SLIGHTLY

Starting Engine (Hot)
1.Prime 3-4 PUMPS
2.Throttle Advance 1/2
3.Master Switch ON
4.Choke OFF
5.Area and Propeller “CLEAR”
6.Starter ENGAGE
7.Throttle ADJUST

Starting Engine (Flooded)
1.Throttle OPEN FULL
2.Master Switch ON
3.Choke OFF
4.Area and Propeller “CLEAR”
5.Starter ENGAGE
6.Throttle (warm up) 2000 to 3000 RPM
7.Idle 2000 RPM

Before Taxi

1.Intercom HEADSETS CHECKED
2.Radios ON
3.Taxi Area CLEAR
4.Brakes RELEASED/CHECK
5.Steering CHECK

Run Up

1.Brakes ON
2.Throttle 6600 RPM
3.Magnetos 175 Max. Drop/ 50 Diff.
4.EGT CHECK
5.CHT CHECK
6.Throttle IDLE


Before Takeoff

1.Master Switch CHECK ON
2.Flight Instruments CHECK
3.Fuel Quantity CHECK
4.Choke OFF
5.Engine Gauges CHECK
6.Belts/Harness FASTENED
7.Empty Seat Belt FASTENED
8.Flaperons NEUTRAL
9.Controls FREE
10.Doors LATCHED (If Attached)

Takeoff
1.Accelerate (6800 RPM) 45 MPH
2.Back Pressure to Rotate to Climb Attitude
3.Climb Speed (6600 RPM) 55 MPH

Short Field Takeoff, Obstacle Clearance
1.Accelerate 45 MPH
2.Back Pressure to Rotate to Climb Attitude
3.Accelerate (until over obstacle) 50 MPH
4.Accelerate (after over obstacle) 55 MPH

Short Field Takeoff, No Obstacle
1.Accelerate 45 MPH
2.Back Pressure to Rotate to Climb Attitude
3.Accelerate (after breaking ground) 55 MPH

Soft Field Takeoff, With or Without Obstacle
1.Accelerate and lift off nose as soon as possible.
2.Lift off at slowest possible airspeed.
3.Accelerate just above ground to 50 MPH to climb past obstacle height (if present).
4.Accelerate (after over obstacle) 55 MPH

Climb
1.VX – Best Angle of Climb Speed 50 MPH
2.VY – Best Rate of Climb Speed 55 MPH

Cruise
1.Normal Max. Power 6600 RPM
2.Cruise Power 5700 RPM


Approach and Landing
1.Belts/Harness FASTEN
2.Final Approach Speed 55 MPH
3.Landing Speed 45 MPH

Engine Shutdown
1.Radios OFF
2.Magnetos CHECK GROUND
3.Throttle FULL AFT
4.Choke FULL ON
5.Magnetos OFF
6.Master Switch OFF
7.Parking Brake SET
8.Control Stick SECURED WITH BELT
9.Flaperons NEUTRAL
10. Wheel Chocks IN PLACE
11.Tie Downs SECURE



Aircraft Performance Speeds

VS0 – Landing configuration stall at gross weight, power off 35 MPH
VS1 – Cruise configuration stall at gross weight, power off 35 MPH
Best Glide 55 MPH
VREF (Short/Soft) 55 MPH
VX – Best Angle of Climb Speed 50 MPH
VY – Best Rate of Climb Speed 55 MPH
Cruise Speed 75-85 MPH
Top Speed 90-100 MPH
VNO – Red Line 110 MPH
VNE –– Never Exceed 120 MPH
VL/D 55 MPH
Max. X-wind 30 MPH

Aircraft Specifications

Maximum Gross Weight 1041 LBS
Basic Empty Weight (N548SL) 451 LBS
Useful Load (N548S) 500 LBS
Max. Front Seat 250 LBS
Min. Front Seat 170 LBS
Fuel Capacity (useable) 15 GALS
Fuel Consumption 4.5 GPH
Cruise Speed 85 MPH

Aircraft Weight and Balance

Quad City Challenger 2: N548SL
Weight
Arm
Moment
Basic Empty Weight
451
104
47016
Pilot
250
50
12500
Co-Pilot
180
77
13860
Fuel Gal. (15 Max)
90
103
9270
Total (M.G.W.= 951 lbs)
971
85.1
82646




Fuel (10 gal)
60
103
6180
Total (M.G.W.= 951 lbs)
941
84.5
79556


Caution

Acceptable moment arm for takeoff weight and balance is 80 to 90 inches



Caution

The Challenger generally stalls with wings level, nose level, but altitude descent of 500 FPM. Listen for a propeller “Growl”. Practice stalls and slow flight at 2000AGL
Un buen día, es aquel, en el que puedes volar con tus amigos.
Otro muy bueno, es aquel, que si no puedes volar con ellos, puedes verlos.


Un saludo de ARIAS, director y promotor del portal Aviación ULM o Ultraligera.

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